In ecology, the term community refers to the biotic component of an ecosystem made up of different species living in a specific area and interacting with each other. This interaction may be either cooperative or competitive in nature, and may range from mutualism, where both species benefit, to predation, where one species preys on the other. The community is an integral component of the ecosystem, and its members are dependent on one another for survival. The structure and composition of a community reflect the abiotic and biotic factors present in the ecosystem, such as climate, topography, nutrients, and species interactions. Understanding community dynamics is essential in predicting how changes in the environment may impact the ecosystem’s functioning.

Difference 101