Assimilation is a cognitive process that involves the integration of new information or experiences into an individual’s existing mental structures or schemas. It occurs when an individual encounters a new experience that is consistent with their current understanding of the world and they interpret it based on their pre-existing mental framework. Schemas are cognitive frameworks that help us categorize and make sense of new information. Assimilation allows individuals to maintain stability in their cognitive structures and use their existing knowledge to interpret new situations. This process is essential for learning and adapting to new environments and experiences, as it allows individuals to build on their existing knowledge and expand their understanding of the world.