Nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a state. It is a legal bond that identifies an individual as belonging to a specific nation and is the basis of their legal rights and duties in that nation. Nationality determines the individual’s rights to protection by the state, including access to education, employment, healthcare, and other social services. It also determines the individual’s obligations to the nation, such as paying taxes and military service. Nationality is typically acquired either by birth or through a process of naturalization. It is important to note that the concept of nationality is distinct from that of citizenship, which is the legal status of belonging to a state.