White Corn vs. Yellow Corn: What is the Difference Between White and Yellow Corn?

White corn and yellow corn are two types of corn with differences in taste, time of harvest, and nutritional value. Read more to find out their differences and which one you should select.
White Corn vs. Yellow Corn: 8 Key Differences, Pros & Cons, Nicknames

White Corn vs. Yellow Corn: Corn is a grain crop that grows in many parts of the world. This crop gained a lot of popularity due to its versatility in growing in various climate conditions. Advancement in science has also improved the productivity and the nutritional value of this crop. There are many different varieties of corn, but the most common are white and yellow corn. These resemble one another physically but are slightly different from each other.

Let’s take a closer look at White vs. Yellow Corn

Scientific NameBoth are a type of corn and have the same scientific name, “Zea Mays.”
TasteWhite corn is sweeter compared to yellow corn
Kernel ColorWhite corns are made up of white kernels, while yellow corns are of pale yellow kernels.
LuteinWhite corn contains less lutein than yellow corn

Table of Contents

What is White Corn?

What is White Corn? White corn is a famous staple food in the southern United States. This corn has a strong, cylindrical appearance. The height of the white corn plant is considered to be 10-25cm long. The kernels of white corn are white in color due to the absence of carotenoids in them. The kernels are surrounded by gold-colored rusk. One ear of corn can hold almost 200-400 kernels in it. These white kernels are sweet in taste and also have crispy and tender consistency. But they become hard and doughier when ripe. These corns are available round the year.

White corn is a famous staple food in the southern United States. This corn has a strong, cylindrical appearance. The height of the white corn plant is considered to be 10-25cm long. The kernels of white corn are white in color due to the absence of carotenoids in them. The kernels are surrounded by gold-colored rusk. One ear of corn can hold almost 200-400 kernels in it. These white kernels are sweet in taste and also have crispy and tender consistency. But they become hard and doughier when ripe. These corns are available round the year.

What is Yellow Corn?

What is Yellow Corn? Yellow corn is another most common type of sweet corn and is present mainly in northern areas of the United States. These kernels are covered with golden silk fibers and tassels, which extend to the tip. Every single ear of yellow corn can hold up to 400 kernels. If we compare yellow Vs. White corn, yellow corn is less sweet in taste. These corns have a dough texture and sweet taste before they are ripe. They become hard and less sweet after ripening. The yellow corn has kernels of pale yellow color. The presence of a pigment, carotenoids, is responsible for the color. The crops of this corn are available around the year.

Yellow corn is another most common type of sweet corn and is present mainly in northern areas of the United States. These kernels are covered with golden silk fibers and tassels, which extend to the tip. Every single ear of yellow corn can hold up to 400 kernels. If we compare yellow Vs. White corn, yellow corn is less sweet in taste. These corns have a dough texture and sweet taste before they are ripe. They become hard and less sweet after ripening. The yellow corn has kernels of pale yellow color. The presence of a pigment, carotenoids, is responsible for the color. The crops of this corn are available around the year.

White And Yellow Corn Nicknames

White Corn Nicknames:

  • Sweet Corn
  • Shoepeg
  • Zea Mays (botanically classified)

Yellow Corn Nicknames:

  • Classic Corn
  • Dent Corn
  • Pole Corn
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8 Key Differences Between White and Yellow Corn

ComponentsWhite CornYellow Corn
Consist Of These corns are consist of white cream kernelsIt contains pale yellow color kernels
ColorThe kernels of white corn don’t have any color due to the lack of carotenoids.The dark yellow color of kernels of yellow corn is due to the presence of carotenoids in them.
Commonly FoundWhite corn is commonly found in Central America and AfricaYellow corn is mainly found in northern American countries
Vitamin and LuteinWhite corn doesn’t contain lutein and vitamin AYellow corn contains both lutein and vitamin A
Water Content The kernels of white corn contain plenty of water in them, which makes them juicy.Yellow corn has lower water content as compared to white corn
AlleleWhite corn contains two recessive Y alleles, which give it a white color Yellow corn contains a single Y allele due to the presence of carotenoid pigments
Used ForThere are different white corn uses; it is commonly used in foods like humitas or fried chips.Yellow corn is not much sweet if we compare white vs. yellow corn. It is used in cakes and soups.
Health BenefitsVitamins and fiber present in white corn improve digestive health and the immune system.Vitamin A in yellow corn can improve eye health and strengthen bones.

White Corn vs. Yellow Corn Nutrition

Both yellow and white corn has been used as a staple food for centuries, and these both can provide a lot of health benefits as well. But the question here is: is yellow corn or white corn healthier? 

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NutrientsWhite corn (100g)Yellow Corn (100g)
Energy1527 Kj556 Kj
Protein9.42 g4.3 g
Fiber2.7 g2 g
Carbs74.26 g30.49 g
Fats4.74 g1.64 g
Sodium35 mg351 mg
Potassium287 mg320 mg

The amount of protein and fiber is higher in white corn. But if we compare the whole white corn vs. yellow corn nutrition, the yellow corn is more nutritious, due to the presence of vitamin A in it. It also has a higher amount of sodium and potassium. It also provides more energy. Which makes it a healthier option.

White Corn vs. Yellow Corn Pros and Cons

White Corn Pros and Cons

White Corn Pros and Cons

Pros of White Corn

  • White corn contains a lot of fiber, which can help regulate bowel movement and reduce digestive issues like constipation, indigestion, and colon cancer.
  • Vitamin B and antioxidants present in white corn can improve nerve health and cognitive function.
  • Corn can also improve heart health due to the presence of omega-3 fatty acids in it.

Cons of White Corn

  • The number of calories present in white corn can cause weight gain.
  • Corn syrup can hurt blood sugar levels and increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. 

Yellow Corn Pros and Cons

Yellow Corn Pros and Cons

Pros of Yellow Corn

  • Carbohydrates present in yellow corn can provide a lot of benefits to the body as they work as fuel for the brain, body, nervous system, and kidney system.
  • The protein present in yellow corn can play an important role in building muscle, tissues, and bones.

Cons of Yellow Corn

  • Yellow corn also contains sodium content, which can be very dangerous for high blood pressure.
  • Because of the high cellulose content, corn can also worsen gastrointestinal symptoms.

Comparison Chart

White corn and yellow corn are two types of corn with differences in taste, time of harvest, and nutritional value. Read more to find out their differences and which one you should select.

Comparison Video

What’s the Difference Between Yellow and White Corn? I Bet You Didn’t Know…

FAQs

Is White Corn Healthier Than Yellow Corn?

No, Yellow corn is higher in nutritional yellow than white corn, making it a healthier option.

Is White Corn Sweet?

White corn is sweet in taste. Some people say that it is the sweetest corn.

Which Is Better, White Corn or Yellow Corn?

Both types of corn have their own health benefits. But the presence of beta-carotene in yellow corn, which turns into vitamin A, makes it a better option.

Is White Corn High in Sugar?

White corn contains only a small amount of sugar (1-3%), which can be safe to eat in moderation, even for diabetic patients.

Is White Corn Natural?

Yes, white corn is natural and considered a grain, fruit, and vegetable as well. Its origin is a dry seed that comes from the grass family. 

Conclusion

Both white corn and yellow corn are popular types of corn. Both have the same scientific names but belong to different Grass families. White corn belongs to the Poaceae family, while yellow corn belongs to Gramineae. The main difference between yellow and white corn is in their kernel color and taste. White corn has a kernel of white colors due to the absence of pigment carotenoids. While this pigment is present in yellow corn, which gives its kernel yellow color. White corn is also sweeter in taste than yellow corn. Both types of corn contain a high amount of fiber and vitamins, making them a good option and providing many health benefits.

Alex Stantor

Author & Researcher @ Difference 101 Master in Philosophy & Data Analysis, Sorbonne Université (Graduated 2011) Lived in New York City

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