Coronavirus (COVID-19): What We Know So Far

In December 2019, Chinese health authorities reported cases of acute respiratory illnesses caused by a novel coronavirus never before seen in humans in Wuhan, a city in Hubei, China. The disease, now referred to as COVID-19, has rapidly spread across the globe, prompting the World Health Organization to declare it a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Three months into the outbreak, we probe into what we know so far.
Coronavirus (COVID-19): What We Know So Far

In December 2019, Chinese health authorities reported cases of acute respiratory illnesses caused by a novel coronavirus never before seen in humans in Wuhan, a city in Hubei, China. The disease, now referred to as COVID-19, has rapidly spread across the globe, prompting the World Health Organization to declare it a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Three months into the outbreak, we probe into what we know so far.

Are Coronavirus, COVID-19, and SARS-CoV-2 Different?

Coronavirus is the blanket term encompassing a large family of viruses that can cause illness in animals and humans.

SARS-CoV-2, short for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2, is the name of the 2019 strain of coronavirus, while COVID-19, refers to the disease that the virus causes. Bats are natural hosts of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, but as they typically do not directly transmit to humans, the current belief is bats may have passed the virus on to other animals who then somehow spread it to humans. 

Before the COVID-19, two other coronavirus diseases have caused global outbreaks. The first was the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) originating from China in 2002, believed to have been transmitted from civet cats to humans. The second is the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS) emerging from Saudi Arabia in 2012, thought to have been transferred from camels to humans.

Read also the articles about differences between COVID-19 and SARS and COVID-19 vs Flu for more information.

What are the Symptoms of COVID-19?

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) identifies the three most common symptoms of COVID-19 as fever, cough, and shortness of breath. The degree of respiratory illness varies from mild to severe, depending on the affected person’s underlying health conditions. The CDC also notes that symptoms may appear anywhere between 2 to 14 days after exposure to the virus.

Additionally, the World Health Organization (WHO) states that some of those infected may have aches and pains, runny nose, diarrhea, sore throat, nasal congestion, and dry cough. In contrast, some may not have any symptoms at all.

How is it Transmitted Between Humans?

When a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales, they can release small droplets from their mouth or nose, which then lands onto any surface around them. The virus spreads when other people make contact with these surfaces, and then end up touching their mouth, eyes, or nose. The new coronavirus can also be acquired by a person who breathes in droplets that are coughed out or exhaled by an infected person. For this reason, adhering to social or physical distancing (staying 1 meter or 3 feet away from a person) is encouraged worldwide, to avoid further spread of the disease.

Are There Other Potential Modes of Transmission for COVID-19?

Gastroenterologists from China and Singapore have published studies suggesting the fecal-oral route may be another method of transmission for the SARS-CoV-2. Although the WHO does not entirely dismiss this theory, the evidence available is not substantial enough to warrant their formal recognition.

On the other hand, reports have emerged of a Chinese official claiming that aerosol transmission (droplets spreading through surrounding air) may spread coronavirus. However, an Australian infectious disease specialist quickly dismissed this, stating the lack of experimental evidence supporting the claim. The WHO also highlights that droplets are too heavy to remain in the air, thus debunking the airborne transmission theory.

What is the Treatment for COVID-19?

Contrary to numerous claims of western and traditional treatments for COVID-19 circulating around various media platforms, there is no treatment to date for the new coronavirus strain. People infected are given supportive care for the relief of their symptoms.

Prevention remains the best defense against coronavirus. Frequent handwashing, covering your mouth with your elbow when you cough, and practicing social distancing are simple yet effective ways of protecting yourself and others against the virus.

Trials and Experiments to Beat the Pandemic.

A recent report suggests that at least 35 companies and academic bodies across the globe are racing towards developing a vaccine for the novel coronavirus. 

In mid-March this year, the Kaiser Permanente Washington Research Institute in Seattle, USA, pioneered human trials of their potential vaccine. The 45 volunteers for the trial were to receive two injections 28 days apart to determine the vaccine’s safety.

On 02 April 2020, the Australian national science agency, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), began testing two vaccine candidates for COVID-19 on animal subjects to check for efficacy as well as to determine the best route of administration. They are expecting the trial to run for three months and remain optimistic about the results.

What are the Numbers so Far?

Data from John Hopkins University reveal that there are 177,750,039 confirmed cases worldwide, with a death toll of 3,849,052, and a relatively higher recovery rate. However, a lot of countries stopped reporting on recovered data since medical teams don’t have enough time to follow up with each patient.

The United States, with epicenter in New York, has now become a top country by the most number of confirmed cases of COVID-19.

Below is an overview of the COVID-19 cases so far.

Real-Time Coronavirus Pandemic Stats Video

[LIVE] Coronavirus Pandemic: Real Time Counter, World Map, News , Update , Cases , Deaths , in us

Top Countries by Most Number of Confirmed Cases

CountryConfirmed casesDeaths
US33,519,331601,281
India29,762,793383,490
Brazil17,801,462498,499
France5,814,642110,864
Turkey5,359,72849,071
Russia5,220,168126,300
United Kingdom4,626,899128,220
Italy4,250,902127,225
Argentina4,242,76388,247
Colombia3,888,61498,746
Spain3,757,44280,652
Germany3,728,60190,331
Iran3,080,52682,746
Poland2,878,46674,782
Mexico2,467,643230,792
Ukraine2,289,33354,097
Peru2,019,716189,757
Indonesia1,963,26654,043
South Africa1,796,58958,441
Netherlands1,705,19318,002
Czechia1,665,81830,275
Chile1,505,00131,259
Canada1,414,80526,016
Philippines1,346,27623,385
Iraq1,279,69716,834
Sweden1,084,63614,574
Romania1,080,14032,212
Belgium1,078,25125,117
Pakistan946,22721,913
Portugal862,92617,061
Bangladesh844,97013,399
Israel839,7696,427
Hungary807,42829,950
Japan782,86414,325
Jordan745,6679,647
Serbia715,6046,990
Switzerland701,62710,867
Malaysia685,2044,276
Austria649,30910,677
Nepal617,9478,641
United Arab Emirates608,0701,747
Lebanon542,6497,801
Morocco525,9249,233
Saudi Arabia471,9597,650
Kazakhstan462,7953,507
Ecuador444,39521,234
Bulgaria420,96417,987
Greece417,70612,508
Bolivia417,19515,924
Belarus409,3853,025
Paraguay403,39211,411
Slovakia391,24812,478
Panama391,1906,458
Tunisia378,98213,874
Croatia359,0318,168
Georgia357,5915,131
Costa Rica350,6304,473
Uruguay348,6625,152
Kuwait335,8741,851
Azerbaijan335,3994,961
Dominican Republic314,0313,742
West Bank and Gaza312,4993,548
Denmark292,0292,529
Guatemala278,4098,595
Lithuania278,2544,360
Egypt276,19015,791
Ethiopia274,8994,276
Ireland268,2514,979
Bahrain261,9881,286
Slovenia256,8714,411
Venezuela256,8622,906
Moldova256,0546,165
Honduras251,1496,719
Oman242,7232,626
Sri Lanka235,4132,480
Armenia224,0864,492
Qatar220,509582
Thailand210,7821,577
Bosnia and Herzegovina204,8149,630
Libya190,4263,173
Kenya178,0783,437
Nigeria167,1552,117
Cuba164,8961,132
North Macedonia155,6125,474
Korea, South150,2381,996
Burma147,0693,251
Latvia136,6522,485
Algeria135,2193,615
Albania132,4842,454
Estonia130,7511,267
Norway129,095790
Zambia125,1571,554
Kyrgyzstan113,4301,920
Kosovo107,1922,255
Uzbekistan105,219717
China103,4714,846
Montenegro100,0361,605
Afghanistan98,7343,934
Ghana94,913793
Finland94,154967
Mongolia88,516411
Cameroon80,3281,313
El Salvador76,4952,321
Cyprus73,520374
Mozambique72,123844
Maldives71,498203
Luxembourg70,516818
Namibia70,1121,107
Uganda68,779584
Botswana63,247940
Singapore62,38234
Jamaica49,5641,028
Cote d'Ivoire47,973306
Senegal42,2591,158
Madagascar42,076895
Cambodia41,581394
Zimbabwe41,3351,656
Angola37,467853
Congo (Kinshasa)36,957866
Sudan36,3472,737
Malawi34,7811,166
Cabo Verde31,910281
Malta30,588420
Australia30,316910
Trinidad and Tobago30,183713
Rwanda30,048378
Syria25,0351,837
Gabon24,832157
Guinea23,450167
Mauritania20,253480
Suriname19,361436
Eswatini18,784676
Guyana18,733441
Haiti16,859361
Papua New Guinea16,799167
Somalia14,841775
Mali14,375524
Seychelles14,12355
Andorra13,842127
Taiwan*13,771518
Togo13,701127
Burkina Faso13,462167
Tajikistan13,30890
Belize12,994327
Vietnam12,41462
Congo (Brazzaville)12,298161
Bahamas12,242240
Djibouti11,586154
Lesotho10,950326
South Sudan10,764115
Equatorial Guinea8,680120
Timor-Leste8,50419
Benin8,140103
Nicaragua7,696188
Central African Republic7,10198
Yemen6,8751,352
Iceland6,55529
Gambia6,024181
Niger5,457193
Eritrea5,19419
Saint Lucia5,18880
Burundi5,0988
San Marino5,09090
Chad4,945174
Sierra Leone4,63182
Barbados4,03947
Comoros3,905146
Guinea-Bissau3,81969
Liechtenstein3,02659
Liberia2,79695
New Zealand2,71526
Monaco2,54733
Sao Tome and Principe2,35937
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines2,18312
Laos2,0473
Bhutan1,8821
Mauritius1,70118
Fiji1,6486
Antigua and Barbuda1,26342
Diamond Princess71213
Tanzania50921
Saint Kitts and Nevis2791
Brunei2513
Dominica191
Grenada1611
Holy See27
Solomon Islands20
MS Zaandam92
Vanuatu41
Marshall Islands4
Samoa3
Palau2
Kiribati2
Micronesia1
Global177,750,0393,849,052

Coronavirus Mortality (COVID 19): Top Countries by Most Number of Deaths

CountryConfirmed casesDeaths
US33,519,331601,281
Brazil17,801,462498,499
India29,762,793383,490
Mexico2,467,643230,792
Peru2,019,716189,757
United Kingdom4,626,899128,220
Italy4,250,902127,225
Russia5,220,168126,300
France5,814,642110,864
Colombia3,888,61498,746
Germany3,728,60190,331
Argentina4,242,76388,247
Iran3,080,52682,746
Spain3,757,44280,652
Poland2,878,46674,782
South Africa1,796,58958,441
Ukraine2,289,33354,097
Indonesia1,963,26654,043
Turkey5,359,72849,071
Romania1,080,14032,212
Chile1,505,00131,259
Czechia1,665,81830,275
Hungary807,42829,950
Canada1,414,80526,016
Belgium1,078,25125,117
Philippines1,346,27623,385
Pakistan946,22721,913
Ecuador444,39521,234
Netherlands1,705,19318,002
Bulgaria420,96417,987
Portugal862,92617,061
Iraq1,279,69716,834
Bolivia417,19515,924
Egypt276,19015,791
Sweden1,084,63614,574
Japan782,86414,325
Tunisia378,98213,874
Bangladesh844,97013,399
Greece417,70612,508
Slovakia391,24812,478
Paraguay403,39211,411
Switzerland701,62710,867
Austria649,30910,677
Jordan745,6679,647
Bosnia and Herzegovina204,8149,630
Morocco525,9249,233
Nepal617,9478,641
Guatemala278,4098,595
Croatia359,0318,168
Lebanon542,6497,801
Saudi Arabia471,9597,650
Serbia715,6046,990
Honduras251,1496,719
Panama391,1906,458
Israel839,7696,427
Moldova256,0546,165
North Macedonia155,6125,474
Uruguay348,6625,152
Georgia357,5915,131
Ireland268,2514,979
Azerbaijan335,3994,961
China103,4714,846
Armenia224,0864,492
Costa Rica350,6304,473
Slovenia256,8714,411
Lithuania278,2544,360
Ethiopia274,8994,276
Malaysia685,2044,276
Afghanistan98,7343,934
Dominican Republic314,0313,742
Algeria135,2193,615
West Bank and Gaza312,4993,548
Kazakhstan462,7953,507
Kenya178,0783,437
Burma147,0693,251
Libya190,4263,173
Belarus409,3853,025
Venezuela256,8622,906
Sudan36,3472,737
Oman242,7232,626
Denmark292,0292,529
Latvia136,6522,485
Sri Lanka235,4132,480
Albania132,4842,454
El Salvador76,4952,321
Kosovo107,1922,255
Nigeria167,1552,117
Korea, South150,2381,996
Kyrgyzstan113,4301,920
Kuwait335,8741,851
Syria25,0351,837
United Arab Emirates608,0701,747
Zimbabwe41,3351,656
Montenegro100,0361,605
Thailand210,7821,577
Zambia125,1571,554
Yemen6,8751,352
Cameroon80,3281,313
Bahrain261,9881,286
Estonia130,7511,267
Malawi34,7811,166
Senegal42,2591,158
Cuba164,8961,132
Namibia70,1121,107
Jamaica49,5641,028
Finland94,154967
Botswana63,247940
Australia30,316910
Madagascar42,076895
Congo (Kinshasa)36,957866
Angola37,467853
Mozambique72,123844
Luxembourg70,516818
Ghana94,913793
Norway129,095790
Somalia14,841775
Uzbekistan105,219717
Trinidad and Tobago30,183713
Eswatini18,784676
Uganda68,779584
Qatar220,509582
Mali14,375524
Taiwan*13,771518
Mauritania20,253480
Guyana18,733441
Suriname19,361436
Malta30,588420
Mongolia88,516411
Cambodia41,581394
Rwanda30,048378
Cyprus73,520374
Haiti16,859361
Belize12,994327
Lesotho10,950326
Cote d'Ivoire47,973306
Cabo Verde31,910281
Bahamas12,242240
Maldives71,498203
Niger5,457193
Nicaragua7,696188
Gambia6,024181
Chad4,945174
Guinea23,450167
Papua New Guinea16,799167
Burkina Faso13,462167
Congo (Brazzaville)12,298161
Gabon24,832157
Djibouti11,586154
Comoros3,905146
Togo13,701127
Andorra13,842127
Equatorial Guinea8,680120
South Sudan10,764115
Benin8,140103
Central African Republic7,10198
Liberia2,79695
Tajikistan13,30890
San Marino5,09090
Sierra Leone4,63182
Saint Lucia5,18880
Guinea-Bissau3,81969
Vietnam12,41462
Liechtenstein3,02659
Seychelles14,12355
Barbados4,03947
Antigua and Barbuda1,26342
Sao Tome and Principe2,35937
Singapore62,38234
Monaco2,54733
Iceland6,55529
New Zealand2,71526
Tanzania50921
Eritrea5,19419
Timor-Leste8,50419
Mauritius1,70118
Diamond Princess71213
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines2,18312
Burundi5,0988
Fiji1,6486
Brunei2513
Laos2,0473
MS Zaandam92
Saint Kitts and Nevis2791
Bhutan1,8821
Vanuatu41
Grenada1611
Dominica191
Solomon Islands20
Palau2
Micronesia1
Kiribati2
Holy See27
Marshall Islands4
Samoa3
Global177,750,0393,849,052

About Coronavirus (COVID-19) Data 

The data is provided from Johns Hopkins University via M Media API, NovelCOVID API and some other sources mentioned in this article. It’s updated on average every hour (from Johns Hopkins University), however, it may be out of date and not accurate because it changes rapidly. This data doesn’t include all cases, because it includes only people who tested positive. You may also check information about reported cases on the WHO website.

Where do I Find Reliable COVID-19 Information?

Head on to these resources for further authoritative information regarding COVID-19:

The COVID-19 pandemic has undoubtedly caused a lot of uncertainty for people worldwide. So far, we know that this is a never-before-seen strain in humans. There is no available treatment yet, but efforts are underway to develop vaccines and medications. For now, practicing proper hygiene and physical distancing is key to slowing the rapid spread of this disease.

Being well-informed is also essential during these unprecedented times. Remember to protect yourself from unnecessary confusion or anxiety caused by misinformation. Stick to factual information from trusted sources.

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