Coronavirus (COVID-19): What We Know So Far

In December 2019, Chinese health authorities reported cases of acute respiratory illnesses caused by a novel coronavirus never before seen in humans in Wuhan, a city in Hubei, China. The disease, now referred to as COVID-19, has rapidly spread across the globe, prompting the World Health Organization to declare it a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Three months into the outbreak, we probe into what we know so far.
Coronavirus (COVID-19): What We Know So Far

In December 2019, Chinese health authorities reported cases of acute respiratory illnesses caused by a novel coronavirus never before seen in humans in Wuhan, a city in Hubei, China. The disease, now referred to as COVID-19, has rapidly spread across the globe, prompting the World Health Organization to declare it a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Three months into the outbreak, we probe into what we know so far.

Are Coronavirus, COVID-19, and SARS-CoV-2 Different?

Coronavirus is the blanket term encompassing a large family of viruses that can cause illness in animals and humans.

SARS-CoV-2, short for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2, is the name of the 2019 strain of coronavirus, while COVID-19, refers to the disease that the virus causes. Bats are natural hosts of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, but as they typically do not directly transmit to humans, the current belief is bats may have passed the virus on to other animals who then somehow spread it to humans. 

Before the COVID-19, two other coronavirus diseases have caused global outbreaks. The first was the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) originating from China in 2002, believed to have been transmitted from civet cats to humans. The second is the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS) emerging from Saudi Arabia in 2012, thought to have been transferred from camels to humans.

Read also the articles about differences between COVID-19 and SARS and COVID-19 vs Flu for more information.

What are the Symptoms of COVID-19?

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) identifies the three most common symptoms of COVID-19 as fever, cough, and shortness of breath. The degree of respiratory illness varies from mild to severe, depending on the affected person’s underlying health conditions. The CDC also notes that symptoms may appear anywhere between 2 to 14 days after exposure to the virus.

Additionally, the World Health Organization (WHO) states that some of those infected may have aches and pains, runny nose, diarrhea, sore throat, nasal congestion, and dry cough. In contrast, some may not have any symptoms at all.

How is it Transmitted Between Humans?

When a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales, they can release small droplets from their mouth or nose, which then lands onto any surface around them. The virus spreads when other people make contact with these surfaces, and then end up touching their mouth, eyes, or nose. The new coronavirus can also be acquired by a person who breathes in droplets that are coughed out or exhaled by an infected person. For this reason, adhering to social or physical distancing (staying 1 meter or 3 feet away from a person) is encouraged worldwide, to avoid further spread of the disease.

Are There Other Potential Modes of Transmission for COVID-19?

Gastroenterologists from China and Singapore have published studies suggesting the fecal-oral route may be another method of transmission for the SARS-CoV-2. Although the WHO does not entirely dismiss this theory, the evidence available is not substantial enough to warrant their formal recognition.

On the other hand, reports have emerged of a Chinese official claiming that aerosol transmission (droplets spreading through surrounding air) may spread coronavirus. However, an Australian infectious disease specialist quickly dismissed this, stating the lack of experimental evidence supporting the claim. The WHO also highlights that droplets are too heavy to remain in the air, thus debunking the airborne transmission theory.

What is the Treatment for COVID-19?

Contrary to numerous claims of western and traditional treatments for COVID-19 circulating around various media platforms, there is no treatment to date for the new coronavirus strain. People infected are given supportive care for the relief of their symptoms.

Prevention remains the best defense against coronavirus. Frequent handwashing, covering your mouth with your elbow when you cough, and practicing social distancing are simple yet effective ways of protecting yourself and others against the virus.

Trials and Experiments to Beat the Pandemic.

A recent report suggests that at least 35 companies and academic bodies across the globe are racing towards developing a vaccine for the novel coronavirus. 

In mid-March this year, the Kaiser Permanente Washington Research Institute in Seattle, USA, pioneered human trials of their potential vaccine. The 45 volunteers for the trial were to receive two injections 28 days apart to determine the vaccine’s safety.

On 02 April 2020, the Australian national science agency, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), began testing two vaccine candidates for COVID-19 on animal subjects to check for efficacy as well as to determine the best route of administration. They are expecting the trial to run for three months and remain optimistic about the results.

What are the Numbers so Far?

Data from John Hopkins University reveal that there are 231,250,498 confirmed cases worldwide, with a death toll of 4,739,928, and a relatively higher recovery rate. However, a lot of countries stopped reporting on recovered data since medical teams don’t have enough time to follow up with each patient.

The United States, with epicenter in New York, has now become a top country by the most number of confirmed cases of COVID-19.

Below is an overview of the COVID-19 cases so far.

Real-Time Coronavirus Pandemic Stats Video

[LIVE] Coronavirus Pandemic: Real Time Counter, World Map, News , Update , Cases , Deaths , in us

Top Countries by Most Number of Confirmed Cases

CountryConfirmed casesDeaths
US42,861,676687,165
India33,624,419446,658
Brazil21,327,616593,663
United Kingdom7,637,504136,343
Russia7,291,097199,450
France7,075,459117,157
Turkey6,987,46462,745
Iran5,519,728119,082
Argentina5,248,847114,828
Colombia4,948,513126,068
Spain4,946,60186,229
Italy4,653,696130,603
Indonesia4,206,253141,381
Germany4,193,02893,388
Mexico3,619,115274,703
Poland2,902,59175,571
South Africa2,894,34286,967
Ukraine2,495,06859,202
Philippines2,453,32837,405
Peru2,171,374199,182
Malaysia2,171,23224,931
Netherlands2,031,18218,546
Iraq1,990,31622,039
Japan1,693,68417,451
Czechia1,688,95330,452
Chile1,650,23837,423
Canada1,606,97427,677
Bangladesh1,549,55327,368
Thailand1,549,28516,143
Israel1,256,6007,611
Pakistan1,236,88827,524
Belgium1,233,72325,554
Romania1,187,77336,230
Sweden1,149,40714,821
Portugal1,065,63317,947
Kazakhstan950,00615,503
Morocco927,12714,102
Serbia899,4857,966
Cuba839,9817,104
Switzerland833,38511,043
Hungary820,07830,151
Jordan818,35810,653
Nepal790,66211,087
Vietnam736,97218,220
United Arab Emirates734,5962,089
Austria734,30210,961
Tunisia703,73224,705
Greece643,05514,639
Lebanon621,1558,268
Georgia605,3608,787
Saudi Arabia546,7358,679
Guatemala545,79613,283
Belarus528,2294,081
Costa Rica521,1826,189
Sri Lanka511,37212,530
Ecuador507,85832,720
Bolivia498,59518,696
Bulgaria491,32720,423
Azerbaijan479,8146,433
Panama465,7367,197
Paraguay459,77916,142
Burma455,07417,413
Kuwait411,4062,444
Slovakia407,79912,596
Croatia399,0548,580
West Bank and Gaza394,6833,997
Uruguay388,3136,051
Ireland381,8835,209
Honduras363,0179,679
Venezuela360,8494,379
Denmark358,3522,642
Dominican Republic356,6944,035
Ethiopia339,6585,331
Libya335,9914,588
Lithuania324,3294,896
Oman303,5514,093
Egypt300,27817,110
Korea, South298,4022,441
Mongolia292,5911,189
Slovenia289,2254,531
Moldova287,7306,665
Bahrain274,6761,389
Armenia257,6205,239
Kenya248,0695,082
Qatar236,123604
Bosnia and Herzegovina230,80110,422
Zambia208,7783,642
Nigeria203,9912,671
Algeria202,4495,758
North Macedonia189,1596,557
Norway186,035850
Kyrgyzstan178,2022,599
Botswana176,4272,360
Uzbekistan171,5881,218
Albania166,6902,619
Kosovo159,7052,923
Afghanistan154,9607,199
Latvia153,4032,675
Estonia153,0711,343
Mozambique150,4391,908
Finland138,5781,066
Zimbabwe129,1344,600
Montenegro128,7961,884
Namibia127,0713,488
Ghana126,3131,142
Uganda123,0663,143
Cyprus117,868551
Cambodia108,2572,218
China108,2374,849
El Salvador102,0243,174
Rwanda96,5701,242
Australia95,8071,220
Cameroon85,4141,368
Singapore84,51073
Maldives84,164230
Jamaica81,8281,821
Luxembourg77,762835
Senegal73,7281,855
Malawi61,4752,272
Cote d'Ivoire59,656589
Congo (Kinshasa)56,6171,083
Angola54,2801,471
Fiji50,701590
Trinidad and Tobago49,6881,441
Eswatini45,7011,210
Madagascar42,898958
Suriname39,609841
Sudan38,0772,894
Cabo Verde37,355334
Malta37,077457
Mauritania35,777768
Syria32,1382,187
Guyana30,696749
Guinea30,343376
Gabon29,126178
Togo25,083219
Benin22,958154
Haiti21,486607
Seychelles21,281110
Laos21,08016
Bahamas20,603522
Belize19,600402
Somalia19,5831,099
Timor-Leste19,350113
Papua New Guinea19,278225
Tajikistan17,484125
Burundi16,35638
Taiwan*16,181841
Andorra15,167130
Mauritius15,16171
Mali15,130547
Lesotho14,395403
Burkina Faso14,116179
Congo (Brazzaville)14,113191
Nicaragua13,730203
Djibouti12,253162
South Sudan11,926128
Equatorial Guinea11,806142
Iceland11,63233
Central African Republic11,371100
Saint Lucia11,053183
Gambia9,911335
Yemen8,8611,673
Barbados7,23264
Eritrea6,68542
Sierra Leone6,393121
Guinea-Bissau6,099135
Niger5,974201
Brunei5,96033
Liberia5,792283
San Marino5,42790
Chad5,031174
Grenada4,766105
New Zealand4,16327
Comoros4,112147
Liechtenstein3,43960
Monaco3,30233
Sao Tome and Principe3,29547
Dominica3,19713
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines3,15817
Antigua and Barbuda2,90264
Bhutan2,5993
Saint Kitts and Nevis1,76210
Tanzania1,36750
Summer Olympics 2020865
Diamond Princess71213
Holy See27
Solomon Islands20
MS Zaandam92
Palau5
Vanuatu41
Marshall Islands4
Samoa3
Kiribati2
Micronesia1
Global231,250,4984,739,928

Coronavirus Mortality (COVID 19): Top Countries by Most Number of Deaths

CountryConfirmed casesDeaths
US42,861,676687,165
Brazil21,327,616593,663
India33,624,419446,658
Mexico3,619,115274,703
Russia7,291,097199,450
Peru2,171,374199,182
Indonesia4,206,253141,381
United Kingdom7,637,504136,343
Italy4,653,696130,603
Colombia4,948,513126,068
Iran5,519,728119,082
France7,075,459117,157
Argentina5,248,847114,828
Germany4,193,02893,388
South Africa2,894,34286,967
Spain4,946,60186,229
Poland2,902,59175,571
Turkey6,987,46462,745
Ukraine2,495,06859,202
Chile1,650,23837,423
Philippines2,453,32837,405
Romania1,187,77336,230
Ecuador507,85832,720
Czechia1,688,95330,452
Hungary820,07830,151
Canada1,606,97427,677
Pakistan1,236,88827,524
Bangladesh1,549,55327,368
Belgium1,233,72325,554
Malaysia2,171,23224,931
Tunisia703,73224,705
Iraq1,990,31622,039
Bulgaria491,32720,423
Bolivia498,59518,696
Netherlands2,031,18218,546
Vietnam736,97218,220
Portugal1,065,63317,947
Japan1,693,68417,451
Burma455,07417,413
Egypt300,27817,110
Thailand1,549,28516,143
Paraguay459,77916,142
Kazakhstan950,00615,503
Sweden1,149,40714,821
Greece643,05514,639
Morocco927,12714,102
Guatemala545,79613,283
Slovakia407,79912,596
Sri Lanka511,37212,530
Nepal790,66211,087
Switzerland833,38511,043
Austria734,30210,961
Jordan818,35810,653
Bosnia and Herzegovina230,80110,422
Honduras363,0179,679
Georgia605,3608,787
Saudi Arabia546,7358,679
Croatia399,0548,580
Lebanon621,1558,268
Serbia899,4857,966
Israel1,256,6007,611
Afghanistan154,9607,199
Panama465,7367,197
Cuba839,9817,104
Moldova287,7306,665
North Macedonia189,1596,557
Azerbaijan479,8146,433
Costa Rica521,1826,189
Uruguay388,3136,051
Algeria202,4495,758
Ethiopia339,6585,331
Armenia257,6205,239
Ireland381,8835,209
Kenya248,0695,082
Lithuania324,3294,896
China108,2374,849
Zimbabwe129,1344,600
Libya335,9914,588
Slovenia289,2254,531
Venezuela360,8494,379
Oman303,5514,093
Belarus528,2294,081
Dominican Republic356,6944,035
West Bank and Gaza394,6833,997
Zambia208,7783,642
Namibia127,0713,488
El Salvador102,0243,174
Uganda123,0663,143
Kosovo159,7052,923
Sudan38,0772,894
Latvia153,4032,675
Nigeria203,9912,671
Denmark358,3522,642
Albania166,6902,619
Kyrgyzstan178,2022,599
Kuwait411,4062,444
Korea, South298,4022,441
Botswana176,4272,360
Malawi61,4752,272
Cambodia108,2572,218
Syria32,1382,187
United Arab Emirates734,5962,089
Mozambique150,4391,908
Montenegro128,7961,884
Senegal73,7281,855
Jamaica81,8281,821
Yemen8,8611,673
Angola54,2801,471
Trinidad and Tobago49,6881,441
Bahrain274,6761,389
Cameroon85,4141,368
Estonia153,0711,343
Rwanda96,5701,242
Australia95,8071,220
Uzbekistan171,5881,218
Eswatini45,7011,210
Mongolia292,5911,189
Ghana126,3131,142
Somalia19,5831,099
Congo (Kinshasa)56,6171,083
Finland138,5781,066
Madagascar42,898958
Norway186,035850
Taiwan*16,181841
Suriname39,609841
Luxembourg77,762835
Mauritania35,777768
Guyana30,696749
Haiti21,486607
Qatar236,123604
Fiji50,701590
Cote d'Ivoire59,656589
Cyprus117,868551
Mali15,130547
Bahamas20,603522
Malta37,077457
Lesotho14,395403
Belize19,600402
Guinea30,343376
Gambia9,911335
Cabo Verde37,355334
Liberia5,792283
Maldives84,164230
Papua New Guinea19,278225
Togo25,083219
Nicaragua13,730203
Niger5,974201
Congo (Brazzaville)14,113191
Saint Lucia11,053183
Burkina Faso14,116179
Gabon29,126178
Chad5,031174
Djibouti12,253162
Benin22,958154
Comoros4,112147
Equatorial Guinea11,806142
Guinea-Bissau6,099135
Andorra15,167130
South Sudan11,926128
Tajikistan17,484125
Sierra Leone6,393121
Timor-Leste19,350113
Seychelles21,281110
Grenada4,766105
Central African Republic11,371100
San Marino5,42790
Singapore84,51073
Mauritius15,16171
Antigua and Barbuda2,90264
Barbados7,23264
Liechtenstein3,43960
Tanzania1,36750
Sao Tome and Principe3,29547
Eritrea6,68542
Burundi16,35638
Monaco3,30233
Brunei5,96033
Iceland11,63233
New Zealand4,16327
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines3,15817
Laos21,08016
Diamond Princess71213
Dominica3,19713
Saint Kitts and Nevis1,76210
Bhutan2,5993
MS Zaandam92
Vanuatu41
Holy See27
Micronesia1
Kiribati2
Marshall Islands4
Summer Olympics 2020865
Solomon Islands20
Palau5
Samoa3
Global231,250,4984,739,928

About Coronavirus (COVID-19) Data 

The data is provided from Johns Hopkins University via M Media API, NovelCOVID API and some other sources mentioned in this article. It’s updated on average every hour (from Johns Hopkins University), however, it may be out of date and not accurate because it changes rapidly. This data doesn’t include all cases, because it includes only people who tested positive. You may also check information about reported cases on the WHO website.

Where do I Find Reliable COVID-19 Information?

Head on to these resources for further authoritative information regarding COVID-19:

The COVID-19 pandemic has undoubtedly caused a lot of uncertainty for people worldwide. So far, we know that this is a never-before-seen strain in humans. There is no available treatment yet, but efforts are underway to develop vaccines and medications. For now, practicing proper hygiene and physical distancing is key to slowing the rapid spread of this disease.

Being well-informed is also essential during these unprecedented times. Remember to protect yourself from unnecessary confusion or anxiety caused by misinformation. Stick to factual information from trusted sources.

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